Plant of tranbar
Small cranberry, plain cranberry.
is a wild growing fruit from Sweden and is quite wide spread. Besides Sweden,
it grows in other parts of Scandinavia too. The fruits are harvested by people
from wild and used for various purposes. Tranbär resembles a lot the cranberry
which is grown in North America.
A small, prostrate shrub with vine-like stems that roots at the nodes, shoots
0.1-0.3(-0.5) cm in diameter.
Leaves leathery, glaucous abaxially, green
adaxially, ovate, sometimes elliptic, 3-10 × 1-5 mm, coriaceous, margins entire,
Flowers of tranbar
Flowers arising on nodding stalks a few centimeters
tall, calyx lobes relatively small; corolla strongly reflexed at anthesis, white
to deep pink; filaments hairy; anther tubules 2-2.5 mm.; Inflorescences in axils
of leaflike bracts at base of previous year’s or older shoots, (leafy portion
often failing to elongate); Pedicels nodding, slender, 2-3 cm, bracteolate or
not; bracteoles 1-5, reddish, scalelike, to 1 mm wide.
A fruit and leaves of tranbar
Fruit a deep red berry which has spots when young;
It up to 1.2 cm wide, smooth, edible.
Tranbär fruits are eaten both raw as well as cooked. These are rated as one
of very pleasant tasting wild fruits. Analysis reveal that tranbär fruits are
rich in vitamin c. These also have a high pectin content making them very
suitable for jam making. A liquor is also prepared from tranbär fruits.
A tea is also made from the leaves of this fruit.
Tranbär plants are mostly growing in wild. However, observations indicate
that they have a preference for moist or wet lime soils rich in peat. Though the
plants can grow at any location but the fruiting is better if the plants are
getting good sunlight.
New plants of tranbär can be raised from seed as well as from
cuttings. The, however, require moist stratification for 10-12 weeks before