A flowering shoot of kanachi
Synonyms: Rubus fruiticosus var. discolour, Rubus discolour
Other names: Karwara, wild blackberry
It is difficult to define the exact geographic distribution of kanachi because of the general confusioin a bout the integrity and nomenclature of this Eurasian species of Rubus. It is a quite wide ranging plant found from Balkan Penissula through West Asia, Turkey, Iran, Caucasus mountains, Turkmen, Afghanistan, Pakistan to India where it occurs at elevaions between 300 – 1800 m.
The information about this fruit is based upon Dr. Maxine Thompson’s description about the plants studied by her Swat area of the Pakistan occupied Kashmir where it commonly grows wild along roadsides, in hedges and on edges of fields. The fruits are eaten by local people.
Spreading shrubs, erect at first, 1-2 m tall; canes moderately vigorous, arching, covered with very sharp, strong recurved thorns and angular in cross section.
Leaves 3-5 foliate, margins sharply serrate, somewhat dark green above and covered with whitish tomentum below; terminal leaflets broadly ovate, with laterals more narrow.
Flowers white to dark pink or rosy-redborne on prominent, long(15-20 cm), erect, thyrsoid panicles.
Fruits glossy black, globose, small(9-13 mm wide), with few druplets, edible.
Kanachi fruits are good to eat but the number of druplets in a fruit are very less. Moreover, the bearing is quite less. So kanachi does not seem to be an ideal fruit for domestication unless some large fruited types with better bearing are selected. Kanachi bushes show some variation in fruit bearing. Therefore scope exists for selection of superior clones.
Kanachi is not cultivated at all and all the plants are wild growing. But it possible to raise new plants from seed as well as from cuttings.