(Grewia optiva)



A branch of beuhal


Synonym: Grewia oppositifolia.

Other names: Biul, dhaman, bhimal.

Beuhal is a plant of common occurrence in North India upto an altitude of 7000 ft.  This tree is commonly planted by people in the mid-hill region in village common lands and on farms.  The mature leaves of this tree are widely used as a fodder during the winter months when there is shortage of green fodder in the hilly regions.

            Beuhal is a moderate sized tree which can grow upto 45 feet high and 4.5 ft in girth.  The bark is dark brown; leaves ovate acuminate, serrate, rough; flowers pale yellow, in leaf opposed cymes.


Flowering in beuhal

            Fruits are small, inch in diameter and seedy.  These become nearly black at maturity.  The pulp, though not much, is sweet and tasty.  These are fondly eaten, especially, by children.  These are,

            The tree can be multiplied by seed as well as cuttings. 

            Besides fruits and fodder, the tree also yields very useful jute like fibre.  The shoots, after the leaves are eaten by cattle, are immersed in water either in a pond or stream for 3-4 weeks.  The bark gets rotted during this period.  The shoots are then taken out and beaten on some rock.  This disintegrates the bark separates the fibre from the shoots.  The shoots are then dried in the sun for 1-2 days and the fibre is then peeled.  The bare dried shoots burn very well.  Burning bunches of these shoots are used by villagers as fire torches.

            The wood is yellowish white or grey with an unpleasant odour.  It is hard tough and elastic.  It is used for making oar shafts and shoulder poles.


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