A portion of Assam apple tree
Docynia hookerii, Docynia rufifolia, Malus docynoides, Pyrus indica,
Docynia, tong, thunghurpu, mel, mehul, likung, soh-phoh.
is a native of the Eastern Himalayas.
It is found in Eastern Himalayas from
This plant grows at open places, slopes, stream sides and thickets
between the elevation of 2000 to 3000 metres
Bhutan, Sikkim, Meghalaya and Arunachal states of India, and also in the
Assam apple fruits
Though this fruit is popularly called apple, but is seems to be
more closely related to quince (Cydonia
oblonga) than apple.
Trees semi evergreen or deciduous,
Leaves, elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, 3.5–8
× 1.5–2.3 cm, firmly papery, abaxially sparsely pubescent or sub
glabrous, adaxially glabrous, lustrous, base broadly cuneate or sub
rounded, margin shallowly crenate, rarely serrate or entire only at
apex, apex acute or acuminate; pedicel short or nearly absent,
Flowers of Assam apple
Flowers 3–5-fascicled, 2.5 cm in diam.;
sepals lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, 5–8 mm, both surfaces
pubescent; petals white, oblong or oblong-obovate, 1.2–1.6 cm × 5–9 mm;
as long as stamens.
Fruit yellow, sub globose or ellipsoid, 2–3
cm in diam., slightly pubescent when young; sepals persistent, erect.
apple flowers in March April and the fruits mature in September.
Fruits have an acidic taste and are eaten fresh. These are also made
into a local pickle. A
tasty jelly can also be prepared from Assam apple fruits.
The wood is hard and close and even grained.
It is for making tool handles.
The branches of
apple make walking sticks.
The wood is also used for making drums.
apple is sometimes planted in home gardens in East India for its fruits.
apple is not very cold hardy by European or American standards.
It can withstand temperatures down to about
-5 to 10 C.
It requires a well-drained soil in a sunny position.
The plant is propagated by seed.
It can also be grafted on crab apple rootstock.
There exists a lot of diversity in this fruit.
Therefore, a lots of scope is there for varieties improvement.